February 2023


2-25-2023 India is projected to become the world’s third largest economy in 4 to 5 years, and presently finds no need to become a part of the RCEP group of nations.


The RCEP group of nations.


2-18-2023   The article that is linked below can be found by scrolling down this page.



The link below gives information about inventor, Frederick McKinley Jones.






There are rumors that World War III has already begun.  There is an escalation of the war between Russia and Ukraine.  Many agree that it is a proxy war.

The evolution of warfare marches onward, maybe to the destruction of mankind.  Personally, I am not worried.  Maybe world leaders and shot callers still have a little common sense and will reach a consensus to reasonably de-escalate.  Onward you huskies!  There are a number of videos showing the future of robotic warfare on YouTube.  Treat yourself to a glimpse of the future.  I have linked one of the videos.





2-6-2023     Last week while visiting, I decided to watch a movie presented on cable.  The movie title isGold (2016)I had never watched a movie with Matthew McConaughey in it, but I must say that I enjoyed watching Gold



CORRECTION: I made a correction in the wording of the time frame of the attack and medical help.

Februrary 2, 2023

Just the tip of the iceberg?  Chances are, many people like me were wondering why five black cops along with a black female Lieutenant with the Menphis’s Fire Department engaged in and conspired to coverup the attack that killed Tyre Nichols.


Also, I am aware that there was a white cop on the scene, and two other fire department workers on the scene.

Personally, and based on my life’s experiences, I think that there is more behind the attack on Tyre Nichols.  Are we to believe that this horrendous incident took place just because of a jealous ape in a police uniform? Are you and I suppose to believe that a law-abiding man who might have had a consensual relationship with a woman, was green lighted by FIVE black cops AND a black female Fire Department Lieutenant, to receive the brutal beating that caused his death?  Yes, it is possible that the black female Fire Department Lt. might have been mis-informed and otherwise mis-lead by the communication from the lying ass apes who participated in the beating of Tyre Nichols.  But still, the bitch along with the black and the white fire department workers refused to help Tyre Nichols for many minutes after arriving on the scene. Who told that bitch that she had been promoted to judge and jury for street judgment (certainly not street justice!). I wonder if such a bitch goes to a fire, discovers that she doesn’t like the resident of the house on fire, and then decides to do a little as possible to save the occupant or put the fire out. CORRECTION. It was almost a half hour. after Tyre Nichols was first attacked, when he was finally placed on a stretcher and taken to the hospital. 

Mind you, this incident is just a tip of the iceberg.  There will be damage control and the usual actions that are now becoming more commonplace, (the courts, the trials, the compensation awards to the victim’s family, the political outcry, etc.). Had Tyre Nichols divulged information that he had pledged to keep secret?  What is the psychological profile of each of the FIVE black cops involved? Yes, I am fully aware of the white cop and the comment he made during the incident.

I watched Nightline on tv last night.  It featured a father and son who knew Tyre Nichols and his involvement in skateboarding.  The segment showed a clip of Tyre Nichols skateboarding and performing one of his outstanding maneuvers. The father was actually talking and shedding real tears as he talked about the goodness of Tyre Nichols.  I believe that the father and son would be considered Hispanics.

World, keep on turning.







The Washington Post

How America’s first — and only — Black automakers defied the odds

Story by Kevin Williams • 11h ago

If things had worked out a little differently, today’s highways might be full of Pattersons instead of Fords.


How America’s first — and only — Black automakers defied the odds

How America’s first — and only — Black automakers defied the odds© Courtesy of Richard Patterson/Courtesy of Richard Patterson

But Greenfield, Ohio, wasn’t Detroit, and as innovative as Black businessman and engineer Frederick Douglass Patterson was, he lacked Henry Ford’s deep pockets.

Patterson, who took over the C.R. Patterson & Sons Company from his father, concluded that the horse-and-buggy era was ending. So he decided to get into the “horseless carriage” business. In 1915, two years after Ford started his automotive assembly lines in Detroit, the first Patterson-Greenfield car rolled out of the shop, a sleek two-door coupe.

The early days of the automobile were like the “Wild West,” with hundreds of small-scale manufacturers racing to grab a piece of the exploding industry, said Matt Anderson, curator of transportation at the Henry Ford Museum. Many of them never produced a single automobile.

“It would be challenging to check, but as far as we know, the Pattersons were the only Black automobile manufacturers,” Anderson said. The Smithsonian’s Museum of African American History and Culture also recognizes the Pattersons as the only Black carmakers.

Frederick Patterson’s grandfather, Charles, was a free Black man who left Virginia — where slave-catchers were known to kidnap African Americans regardless of their status — and arrived in Greenfield in the 1840s with his wife and four children.

“Greenfield was a well-known stop on the underground railroad, so he would have been able to feel safe here,” said Harold Schmidt, a member of the Greenfield Historical Society.

Greenfield, current population 4,335, is a manufacturing and agricultural town in a rural area about 50 miles south of Columbus. In the 1800s, Greenfield had a thriving blacksmith community and was a carriage-making center.

Charles Patterson quickly proved himself an able blacksmith, building a thriving business and starting a family. His son Charles Richard (C.R.) Patterson also followed an artisan’s path, working for a local carriage manufacturer. Over time, C.R. became a partner with a White man in the business. He eventually bought out his partner, and C.R. Patterson & Sons was born, thriving in Greenfield for decades.


Frederick Douglass Patterson as a young man.

Frederick Douglass Patterson as a young man.© Courtesy of Richard Patterson/Courtesy of Richard Patterson

Frederick Douglass Patterson, one of C.R.’s five children, was born in 1871. When Frederick was 15, C.R. sued to allow Frederick to attend all-White Greenfield High School. Areas surrounding Greenfield were less progressive: It would take the neighboring town of Hillsboro another 70 years to desegregate its schools.

Frederick later attended Ohio State University, becoming class president and the first Black football player in the storied program’s history. He left before graduating to take a teaching job.

He subsequently returned to Greenfield to work in the family business, and he was elected to the all-White city council. He also served alongside Booker T. Washington as a vice president of the National Negro Business League.

As more cars filled the roads, the Pattersons found they could add to their thriving carriage business by repairing the automobile machines that were suddenly appearing around town. Then Frederick decided they should get into the horseless carriage business themselves.


Advertising poster for the Patterson-Greenfield automobile made by C.R. Patterson & Sons from 1915 to 1918.

Advertising poster for the Patterson-Greenfield automobile made by C.R. Patterson & Sons from 1915 to 1918.© The Historical Society of Greenfield/(The Historical Society of Greenfield, Ohio, www.greenfieldhistoricalsociety.org
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“But they were late to the game,” said Christopher Nelson, 50, who grew up outside Greenfield and wrote his master’s thesis on the Pattersons before self-publishing the book “C.R. Patterson & Sons Company: Black Pioneers in the Vehicle Building Industry.”

From 1915 to 1918, the Pattersons built more than 100 two-door coupes; each car took about two weeks to assemble. Meanwhile, Ford had perfected the assembly line and pumped out 300,000 cars in 1915 and a half million more in 1916. It took 90 minutes to make a Model T. With a few exceptions, like Studebaker, Patterson and others from the soon-to-be-bygone buggy era couldn’t compete.

A Black woman invented the home security system, then fell into obscurity

Still, Frederick Patterson wasn’t finished. The arrival of World War I had many manufacturers looking at retooling trucks for military use, but he saw a different opportunity: Rural schools were consolidating, and students needed transportation.

Patterson had a robust “school carriage” clientele, public schools that ordered large horse-drawn carriages for transporting children to school. Now Patterson talked these customers into buying motorized school buses assembled at his factory. After 1918, the Pattersons exited the car business and began focusing solely on buses.


Frederick Douglass Patterson's son Postell stands on the running board of a 1916 Patterson-Greenfield automobile.

Frederick Douglass Patterson’s son Postell stands on the running board of a 1916 Patterson-Greenfield automobile.© Courtesy of Richard Patterson/Courtesy of Richard Patterson

The Patterson auto works was the largest Black-owned manufacturing business in the country at the time, with more than 70 employees at its peak, according to Richard Patterson, Frederick’s 80-year-old grandson, who has documented the history of the family business. The factory was integrated, with Black and White employees working side by side, a rarity in that era.

The Pattersons manufactured 500 buses a month, according to Richard Patterson, and produced as many as 7,000 between 1921 and 1931. At the company’s apex, one-third of the school buses in Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia and Pennsylvania were Pattersons. Some Patterson buses were still on the roads as late as the 1950s.

“The fact that there was a Black family who produced buggies and moved into the 20th century to make automobiles, trucks and buses is something we are proud of,” Richard Patterson said. “And they produced transportation for almost 70 years. That is what I would like people to know, that there was a Black family that produced automobiles in this country.”

One of the enduring mysteries of the Patterson automobile is whether any still exist. Richard Patterson said his aunt always insisted one had survived and might be in the hands of a private collector in the Upper Midwest.

“She always said there was one,” he said. “I have tried to find it, with no luck.” Anderson of the Ford Museum noted that if an original Patterson exists, it would be very valuable.


How America’s first — and only — Black automakers defied the odds

How America’s first — and only — Black automakers defied the odds© Provided by The Washington Post

With an estimated 1,000 Patterson buses on the road at one time, it’s likelier that a bus could be found, but none of those is known to exist either. In its final years, the Patterson company — which by then had rebranded itself the Greenfield Bus Body Company — delivered a load of buses to Haiti, and Richard Patterson speculated, “I think there might be a bus body in Haiti that is a chicken coop now.”

In the end, the Great Depression, Frederick’s 1932 death, tighter regulations around school bus manufacturing and a labor strike at the factory helped shutter the Patterson company.

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“The only reason the company went under was they could not secure loans after Frederick passed away,” Richard Patterson said. In a final bid to survive, the company left Greenfield for Gallipolis, 90 miles away, in 1938, but it closed the following year.

For decades, the Patterson legacy seemed to disappear. What was left of the Patterson works was razed 20 years ago to construct a bank. But since then, awareness has grown. A mural honoring the Pattersons’ contributions is being painted downtown, and a plaque marks the location where the auto works stood.

In 2021, C.R. Patterson and Frederick Douglass Patterson were inducted into the Automotive Hall of Fame in Dearborn, Mich. The Pattersons will be featured in an exhibit there titled “Achievement,” which opens to the public on Feb. 25.

Ron Coffey, 73, a former Greenfield city manager, said he would love to see a museum built in town to honor the Pattersons’ legacy. With no Patterson cars to display, he’s talked to engineers about building a replica.

“But I’ve been told that would cost $150,000,” Coffey said — a far cry from the $850 price tag of the original Patterson-Greenfield.

Kevin Williams is a freelance writer based in Ohio.

How America’s first — and only — Black automakers defied the odds
Frederick Douglass Patterson as a young man.
Advertising poster for the Patterson-Greenfield automobile made by C.R. Patterson & Sons from 1915 to 1918.
Celebrating Black History Month: Five Black inventors who changed life for America
The Origins of Black History Month in the US
Frederick Douglass Patterson's son Postell stands on the running board of a 1916 Patterson-Greenfield automobile.
How America’s first — and only — Black automakers defied the odds
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